Electric Truck Evolution in Logistics: Capacity, Range, and Sustainability

Sustainable logistics with electric trucks: A green transport solutio

From Range Breakthroughs to Hauling Prowess

In the fast-evolving landscape of logistics, the electric revolution has emerged as a game-changer, redefining the hauling capacity and range of trucks. This article delves into the latest advancements in electric trucking technology, exploring the crucial aspects of payload capabilities and driving distances.

Electric Trucks: An Overview

Electric trucks, powered by electric motors, have become pivotal in the logistics industry’s quest for sustainability. Unlike their traditional counterparts, they operate without emitting greenhouse gases, aligning with global efforts to reduce the carbon footprint.

Hauling Capacity 

The hauling capacity of electric trucks varies across different models. Notably, companies like XOS Electric Truck, Mercedes-Benz, Freightliner, Kenworth, and Tesla have taken the lead in developing electric trucks capable of carrying substantial loads, with a focus on both local and long-haul deliveries.

XOS Electric Truck:

Formerly known as Thor Trucks, XOS Electric Truck has entered the market with a Class 8 truck boasting a towing capacity of 80,000 pounds. This California-based company aims to optimize local deliveries with a battery range of up to 200 miles.

Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Electric Truck:

Mercedes-Benz introduces a hydrogen fuel-cell electric truck with a whopping 950 horsepower and a towing capacity of 80,000 pounds. With a range of 620 miles, this truck is designed for long-haul efficiency.

Freightliner eCascadia Battery Electric Truck:

Equipped with a 550-kilowatt battery pack, the eCascadia from Freightliner is a Class 8 truck capable of handling an 80,000-pound payload. Its 250-mile driving range and 90-minute recharge time make it a contender in the electric trucking arena.

Kenworth T680 Fuel Cell Electric Truck:

In collaboration with Toyota, Kenworth’s T680 combines hydrogen fuel-cell technology and an electric battery pack. This Class 8 truck boasts a 300-mile range, making it suitable for long-haul routes with an 80,000-pound payload.

Tesla Motors Semi Electric Truck:

Tesla’s foray into the electric truck market comes in the form of the Semi, a Class 8 cargo truck with a range of 300 to 500 miles. With a payload capacity of 80,000 pounds, it offers competitive features for logistics companies.

Electric truck on the road, showcasing hauling capacity

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Range Considerations in Logistics:

Electric truck ranges play a pivotal role in logistics, influencing route planning and overall operational efficiency. Notably, Tesla’s Semi stands out with its impressive 500-mile range, addressing concerns about frequent recharging during long-haul journeys.

Factors Influencing Range:

Several factors impact the range of electric trucks. Weather conditions, driver behavior, and auxiliary energy consumption all contribute to variations in energy efficiency. While adverse weather may reduce range, well-trained drivers and optimized driving techniques can enhance energy efficiency by up to 20%.

Comparing Efficiency: Electric vs. Traditional Trucks:

Electric trucks exhibit superior energy efficiency compared to their traditional counterparts. The regenerative braking feature, where kinetic energy is recuperated to recharge the battery, contributes to this efficiency. The reduction in energy consumption during braking and idling sets electric trucks apart, using 15-20% less energy in these scenarios.

Charging Infrastructure and Standstill Energy Consumption:

Charging infrastructure is a critical aspect of electric trucking. While the energy consumption during standstill is limited, certain applications, such as concrete mixers, can significantly impact the battery when not in motion. Effective charging infrastructure is essential for seamless operations.

The Road Ahead:

As the logistics industry continues to embrace electric trucks, the focus remains on optimizing efficiency, range, and sustainability. While challenges like high initial costs and charging infrastructure persist, the benefits of reduced environmental impact, lower energy costs, and enhanced energy efficiency position electric trucks as the future of logistics.


The electric revolution in trucking technology is reshaping the logistics landscape, offering enhanced hauling capacity and impressive ranges. With notable players like Tesla, Mercedes-Benz, and Freightliner leading the charge, the industry is on a trajectory towards a more sustainable and efficient future.

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